Kenno’s Open Note 👋

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Axum custom request extractor and validator using FromRequest

This post documents what I learned about creating custom Axum extractor which can be used with the validator for validation. Create a new test project: ➜ cargo new request-validator cd request-validator The first crate to be added is axum for Axum framework. request-validator on  main [?] via 🦀 v1.79.0 ➜ cargo add axum Updating crates.io index Adding axum v0.7.5 to dependencies Features: + form + http1 + json + matched-path + original-uri + query + tokio + tower-log + tracing - __private_docs - http2 - macros - multipart - ws Updating crates....

July 12, 2024 · 5 min · 988 words · kenno

How to force kill a Podman container

There is a container that I cannot stop. TL;DR the solution that worked for me was rebooting the host system. Anyhow, I’ll share the troubleshooting steps that did not work. ❯ podman stop semaphore-postgres WARN[0010] StopSignal SIGINT failed to stop container semaphore-postgres in 10 seconds, resorting to SIGKILL Error: given PID did not die within timeout ❯ podman ps -a | grep semaphore-postgres a688a42c4c15 docker.io/library/postgres:16 postgres 17 minutes ago Stopping 0....

July 7, 2024 · 2 min · 305 words · kenno

How to find instance Id from the instance metadata

For instances which use version 2 of instance metadata, IMDSv2, run the following 2 commands: [ec2-user@ip-172-31-45-35 ~]$ TOKEN=`curl -X PUT "http://169.254.169.254/latest/api/token" -H "X-aws-ec2-metadata-token-ttl-seconds: 21600"` [ec2-user@ip-172-31-45-35 ~]$ curl -w "\n" -H "X-aws-ec2-metadata-token: $TOKEN" http://169.254.169.254/latest/meta-data/instance-id i-04bd6066612345678 If you use IMDsv1, then there is no need generate the TOKEN value first, just query the instance-id directly: [ec2-user@ip-172-31-45-35 ~]$ curl -w "\n" http://169.254.169.254/latest/meta-data/instance-id In my case, it returned nothing as my EC2 instances uses IMDsV2....

July 7, 2024 · 1 min · 108 words · kenno

How to initiate Session Manager session using CLI

Tonight I want to connect to an EC2 instance that resides in a private subnet. I currently don’t have a bastion host I can use as an intermediary to jump to this instance. Well, as you might have guessed from this post’s title, the AWS Session Manager is something that might be helpful in this case. So, join me in this journey to configure and set up the Session Manager, using AWS CLI only....

July 5, 2024 · 4 min · 767 words · kenno

Delete ElastiCache Redis Cluster Using AWS CLI

Once upon a time there exist an ElastiCache Redis cluster that I no longer needed. I know that the cluster could be deleted via ElastiCache web console. However, as a command-line addict as myself, I wanted to use AWS CLI to delete the cluster instead. Well, actually this is my first time trying to delete an ElastiCache cluster using the CLI. I’m going to try to document how I do this, and what mistakes I’d make a long the way....

July 3, 2024 · 2 min · 383 words · kenno